[Quran Majeed] Ayat ul Birr

#QuranMajeed #MuntakhbNisab #DuraTarjummaeQuran

Summary of #AyatulBirr

  1. #AyatulBirr i.e., reality of virtue is among the longest ayat in Quran Majeed. Like we know #AyatulKursi is also one of the longest and profund ayat, so understanding of all elements of such profund ayat mubaraka is required.

  2. #AyatulBirr is a beautiful explanation of #SurahAlAsr in terms of giving the examples of basic elements of success.

    1. Eman: mentioned 5 Emaniat i.e., having faith in Allah SWT, Day of Judgement, Angles, Divine Books and the Prophets. (Righteousness is not that you turn your faces toward the east or the west, but [true] righteousness is [in] one who believes in Allah , the Last Day, the angels, the Book, and the prophets)

    2. Aml e Saleh: mentioned 3 categories i.e., Pain for humanity, Ibadaat and Living by promises. (and gives wealth, in spite of love for it, to relatives, orphans, the needy, the traveler, those who ask [for help], and for freeing slaves; [and who] establishes prayer and gives zakah; [those who] fulfill their promise when they promise; )

    3. Tawasee-bil-Haq: havent mentioned explicity but is there in between the mentioning of aml e saleh.

    4. Tawasee-bis-sabr: mentioned 3 important and hard times of practicing sabr (and [those who] are patient in poverty and hardship and during battle. Those are the ones who have been true, and it is those who are the righteous.)

  1. Topic addressed by the Ayat is about portraying the complete picture of righteousness. Being the crown of the creature, human beings should have some scale of good and bad across which they can gauge their achievements. Our culture and society just help in getting the partial knowledge of goodness so to acquire the complete knowledge we want to ponder upon #AyatulBirr. According to #SurahAlBakara, ayat #85, “adopting partial goodness leads to insult here and fire hereafter” http://quran.com/2/85.

  2. #AyatulBirr addresses the questions like What is righteousness? What is the soul of righteousness? What leads to righteousness? What is the practical form of righteousness? What is the priority setting among different righteousness deeds? What is the peak of righteousness?

  3. In #AyatulBirr, the word birr comes from the root (baa raa raa). Words with the same root conveyed the meaning of peace and satisfaction (i.e., etminaan o sakoon).

  4. Link of Birr with Eman: This ayat mentions 5 emaniat where the three emaniat (Eman on Angles, Divine books and Prophets) are related in terms of Eman bil Risalat. So this ayat is basically addressing three emaniat Eman bil Allah SWT, Eman bil Risalat and Eman bil Yome Akhr (i.e., Day of Judgment).

  5. Wisdom behind starting the topic of righteousness with the mentioning of emaniat is that the driving force of all goodness is the eman. As Ghalib said Jaanta hun sawaab e taa’at o zuhd…prr tbiat idhr nahi aati. Psychology defines it as Pain Pleasure Principle (PPP) i.e., pain driven factors and pleasure driven factors. So pleasure driven factors works for the willingness of Allah SWT (#SurahDahr, Ayat # 8-9) and plain driven factors works with the reasoning on the day of judgment (#SurahAlaq, Ayat # 6-8, #SurahNaaziat, Ayat # 40)

  6. Relationship of righteousness with Eman-e-Salasa (3 Emaaniat) show that the soul of righteousness is eman. Eman bil Allah says that only that act is the act of goodness which aims at ensuring the will of Allah SWT. Eman bil Akhira says that only that act is the act of goodness reward of which is claimed on the day of judgment and the hadees also says the destiny of Rayakaar martyr, scholar and well-spender is fire (Saheh Muslim). Eman e Risaalat says on that act is the act of goodness which is not deviating from sunnah. Sunnat e Nabvi SAWW gives us the scale for the balanced and complete picture of goodness.

[Quran Majeed] Surah AlAsr Part-1

#QuranMajeed #MuntakhbNisab #DuraTarjummaeQuran

Summary of #SurahAlAsr

  1. Four basics of Success: 1) Eman 2) Good Deeds 3) Invitation to Goodness 4) Patience for the sake of Allah.

  2. Good deeds in the individuals matters, family concerns, socio-economic goodness and political goodness.

  3. In Quran Majeed, there are only three Surahs having 3 ayat in them and each of them is profound in its nature. #SurahAlAsr is profound in number of dimensions, some of them are: 1) It is among the starting revelations and such Surahs are too concrete that number of later surahs explain the deep elements of such starting surahs. 2) It is complete. 3) It is profound and is like a seed containing huge tree inside.

  4. Imam Shafi RA said that for those who want guidance, this surah alone is enough. Also he narrated that Sahaba Karam RA used to receite this Surah before saying farewell salaam in their daily routine.

  5. #SurahAkhlas is too profound in explaining Tauheed and same is #SurahAlAsr, explaining the purpose of life and ways of achieving success. The central ayat saying “No doubt, all human beings are in loss” is the main ayat in terms of emphasis and placement.

  6. Composition of #Surah AlAsr is like first we have Qasam (Wal Asr), then reason of Qasam (Innal insaanna laafi khhusr) and in the end there is an exceptional case (Illallazeena aamano, wa aamelus salehat e watawa sao bil haq e watawa sao bis sbr). In this surah almost all of Arabic ways of emphasis in speech are used.

  7. In worldly life the scale of success is get decided by wealth, property, status, degrees, power, promotions etc and according to this scale Firoun and Qaroon are the successful people? No, because according to #SurahAlAsr, the successful people are the ones having Eman, doing good deeds, those who invite to goodness and remain patient in the way of Allah SWT. Point to ponder is that there is AND in between four not OR.

  8. In #SurahAlAsr, there is no mentioning of high rewards for those fulfilling the FOUR commands but these FOUR makes bare minimum criteria to avoid being lost. If we call this criteria, the prescription from The Most Wise, then we can’t think of adding or subtracting any single parameter among the FOUR. Because after doing so, it will no more guarantee the success.

  9. The reason of the failure of us all being the Muslims of 21st century is that we thought that our faith is sufficient for our survival and this is the reason that we didn’t bother to practice the remaining necessary and sufficient conditions.

  10. Two main aspects of understanding Quran Majeed are the tazzakkur and the taddabur. Tazzakur refers to getting the lessons and Quran Majeed says that “We make Quran easy for zikr”. Taddabur requires pondering upon and reflecting on the messages conveyed. In this Surah, khhasara is not of the few thousands but of never-ending life. So can’t move forward without understanding this central ayat.

  11. Pains of this live are related to the kids, job, relations etc and human being just forget the pain with the passage of the time and this short memory is indeed a blessing else one cant move out of the painful memory. And then after bearing these pains and hardships, man will stand in front of Allah SWT in the day of judgement where his destiny will be announced. Referring to this scenario Hazrat Abu Bakr RA used to say alas I was a bird or a tiny grass particle so that I could save myself from such hard moment. Quran Majeed says that the fear of that day is so severe that the man will say alas I was mud. So in this scenario, all human beings are in lost and relief is an exceptional case.